Phaistos is located in the Messara plain, 62 km south of Heraklion. It was the second biggest city of the Minoan civilization and was inhabited from 3000 BC until its destruction by the Gortynians at the end of the 3rd century B.C.
The famous Phaistos disk has been dated between 1950 BC and 1400 BC. The fired clay disk is covered on both sides with a spiral of pictorial signs. Many attempts have been made to decipher the disk, however to this day experts remain perplexed of their meaning.
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